It’s common to have images, CSS and more in a public subfolder, and expose them to the root level:

const express = require('express')
const app = express()

app.use(express.static('public'))

/* ... */

app.listen(3000, () => console.log('Server ready'))

If you have an index.html file in public/, that will be served if you now hit the root domain URL (http://localhost:3000)