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The FileReader Object

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Find out what is a FileReader object and how to use it

The FileReader object asynchronously reads the content of a file.

It exposes those 4 reading methods we can use to start a reading process:

and an abort() method to halt any reading operation.

Reading the file is asynchronous, and the object exposes several events we can hook into to follow the progress of the operation:

Once a reading operation is completed, the result property of FileReader contains the file content.

The error property contains the error message, if an error occurred, and readyState contains the state of the operations - 0 if no data is loaded, 1 if data loading is in progress, and 2 if the loading has finished.

readAsText()

Loads the content of a blob in a text string.

In this example we use that text and put it into the #content element’s inner HTML:

//..file is available as a blob

const reader = new FileReader()

reader.onload = (event) => {
  const text = reader.result
  document.getElementById('content').innerHTML = text
}

reader.onerror = (e) => {
  console.error(e)
}

reader.readAsText(file)

Here’s an example that reads the content of a text file when it’s uploaded using an input element, and prints its content to the console:

<input type="file" allow="text/*" />
const input = document.querySelector('input')

input.addEventListener('change', (e) => {
  const reader = new FileReader()

  reader.onload = (event) => {
    const text = reader.result
    console.log(text)
  }

  reader.onerror = (e) => {
    console.error(e)
  }

  reader.readAsText(input.files[0])
})

readAsDataURL()

Loads the content of a blob into a Data URL.

//..file is available as a blob

const reader = new FileReader()

reader.onload = (event) => {
  const dataURL = event.target.result
  document.getElementById('image').src = dataURL
}

reader.readAsDataURL(file)

readAsArrayBuffer()

Loads the content of a blob into an ArrayBuffer.

//..file is available as a blob

const reader = new FileReader()

reader.onload = (event) => {
  const buffer = reader.result
  const data = new Int32Array(buffer)
  //...
}

reader.onerror = (e) => {
  console.error(e)
}

reader.readAsArrayBuffer(file)
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