How to divide an array in multiple equal parts in JS
New Course Coming Soon:
Get Really Good at Git
I had a problem.
An array contained a lot of items, and I wanted to divide it into multiple chunks.
I came up with 2 completely different solutions.
A) The first was to divide the array in equal chunks, for example chunks of 2 or 3 items B) The second was to create n chunks and add an equal variable set of items to it
It’s different how and why we divide. Solution (A) is great when you don’t know how many groups you’re going to end up with, and don’t care, but you know you want X items in each new array you create
Solution (B) is great when you know how many groups you want to create, and you are strict about that, but don’t care how many items each new array will contain.
In other words, with an array like
[ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10]
With solution (A) we can create chunks of 2 items, and get
[ 1, 2 ]
[ 3, 4 ]
[ 5, 6 ]
[ 7, 8 ]
[ 9, 10 ]
or chunks of 3 items:
[ 1, 2, 3 ]
[ 4, 5, 6 ]
[ 7, 8, 9 ]
[ 10 ]
With solution (B) we can divide the array in 2 arrays, and get:
[ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ]
[ 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 ]
Or we can divide the array in 3 arrays, and get:
[ 1, 2, 3, 4 ]
[ 4, 5, 6, 7]
[ 8, 9, 10 ]
Here is the implementation of (A):
const items = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] //… your array, filled with values
const n = 3 //tweak this to add more items per line
const result = new Array(Math.ceil(items.length / n))
.fill()
.map(_ => items.splice(0, n))
In this example result
is a new array of arrays:
[
[ 1, 2, 3 ],
[ 4, 5, 6 ],
[ 7, 8, 9 ],
[ 10 ]
]
Note that the original array is modified by using
splice()
Here is the implementation of (B), assuming you want an array of 3 arrays as a result:
const items = [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10] //… your array, filled with values
const n = 3
const result = [[], [], []] //we create it, then we'll fill it
const wordsPerLine = Math.ceil(items.length / 3)
for (let line = 0; line < n; line++) {
for (let i = 0; i < wordsPerLine; i++) {
const value = items[i + line * wordsPerLine]
if (!value) continue //avoid adding "undefined" values
result[line].push(value)
}
}
In this example result
is
[
[ 1, 2, 3, 4 ],
[ 5, 6, 7, 8 ],
[ 9, 10 ]
]
Here is how can I help you:
- COURSES where I teach everything I know
- THE VALLEY OF CODE your web development manual
- BOOTCAMP 2024 cohort in progress, next edition in 2025
- BOOKS 16 coding ebooks you can download for free on JS Python C PHP and lots more
- SOLO LAB everything I know about running a lifestyle business as a solopreneur
- Interesting links collection
- Follow me on X