export command is used to export variables to child processes.
What does this mean?
Suppose you have a variable TEST defined in this way:
You can print its value using
But if you try defining a Bash script in a file
script.sh with the above command:
Then you set
chmod u+x script.sh and you execute this script with
echo $TEST line will print nothing!
This is because in Bash the
TEST variable was defined local to the shell. When executing a shell script or another command, a subshell is launched to execute it, which does not contain the current shell local variables.
To make the variable available there we need to define
TEST not in this way:
but in this way:
Try that, and running
./script.sh now should print “test”:
Sometimes you need to append something to a variable. It’s often done with the
PATH variable. You use this syntax:
It’s common to use
export when you create new variables in this way, but also when you create variables in the
.bashrc configuration files with Bash, or in
.zshenv with Zsh.
To remove a variable, use the
export -n TEST
export without any option will list all the exported variables.
export command works on Linux, macOS, WSL, and anywhere you have a UNIX environment
Download my free Linux Commands Handbook
More cli tutorials:
- The Bash shell
- Linux commands: nohup
- Linux commands: basename
- Linux commands: crontab
- Linux commands: xargs
- Linux commands: du
- A practical guide to Homebrew
- Linux commands: less
- Linux commands: type