A Node.js application can be hosted in a lot of places, depending on your needs. This is a list of all the various options you have at your disposal
Here is a non-exhaustive list of the options you can explore when you want to deploy your app and make it publicly accessible.
I will list the options from simplest and constrained to more complex and powerful.
- Simplest option ever: local tunnel
- Zero configuration deployments
- Virtual Private Server
- Bare metal
Simplest option ever: local tunnel
Even if you have a dynamic IP, or you’re under a NAT, you can deploy your app and serve the requests right from your computer using a local tunnel.
This option is suited for some quick testing, demo a product or sharing of an app with a very small group of people.
A very nice tool for this, available on all platforms, is ngrok.
Using it, you can just type
ngrok PORT and the PORT you want is exposed to the internet. You will get a ngrok.io domain, but with a paid subscription you can get a custom URL as well as more security options (remember that you are opening your machine to the public Internet).
Another service you can use is https://github.com/localtunnel/localtunnel
Zero configuration deployments
Glitch is a playground and a way to build your apps faster than ever, and see them live on their own glitch.com subdomain. You cannot currently have a a custom domain, and there are a few restrictions in place, but it’s really great to prototype. It looks fun (and this is a plus), and it’s not a dumbed down environment - you get all the power of Node.js, a CDN, secure storage for credentials, GitHub import/export and much more.
Provided by the company behind FogBugz and Trello (and co-creators of Stack Overflow).
I use it a lot for demo purposes.
Codepen is an amazing platform and community. You can create a project with multiple files, and deploy it with a custom domain.
A way to publish your apps, and have no server at all to manage, is Serverless. Serverless is a paradigm where you publish your apps as functions, and they respond on a network endpoint (also called FAAS - Functions As A Service).
To very popular solutions are
They both provide an abstraction layer to publishing on AWS Lambda and other FAAS solutions based on Azure or the Google Cloud offering.
PAAS stands for Platform As A Service. These platforms take away a lot of things you should otherwise worry about when deploying your application.
Zeit is now called Vercel
Zeit is an interesting option. You just type
now in your terminal, and it takes care of deploying your application. There is a free version with limitations, and the paid version is more powerful. You forget that there’s a server, you just deploy the app.
Heroku is an amazing platform.
This is a great article on getting started with Node.js on Heroku.
Azure is the Microsoft Cloud offering.
Check out how to create a Node.js web app in Azure.
Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud is an amazing structure for your apps.
They have a good Node.js Documentation Section
Virtual Private Server
In this section you find the usual suspects, ordered from more user friendly to less user friendly:
- Digital Ocean
- Amazon Web Services, in particular I mention Amazon Elastic Beanstalk as it abstracts away a little bit the complexity of AWS.
Since they provide an empty Linux machine on which you can work, there is no specific tutorial for these.
There are lots more options in the VPS category, those are just the ones I used and I would recommend.
Another solution is to get a bare metal server, install a Linux distribution, connect it to the internet (or rent one monthly, like you can do using the Vultr Bare Metal service)