The first time you try to install a package globally using npm, using the syntax
npm install -g <package> on a Mac, or Linux, you might get a weird error, saying something like
Missing write access to /usr/local/lib/node_modules
or something along those lines, followed by a long list of other errors of warnings, a consequence of the first error that’s printed to you.
This error is preventing us to install the package.
How do you fix this? It’s a permission error, which means you don’t have write access to that folder.
This is how to solve it. Run this command:
sudo chown -R $USER /usr/local/lib/node_modules
Let’s break it down:
sudo means we are running this command as
root, the system super user. This is because we don’t have permission to write to that folder, but
root will be able to fix any permission. This command also means the system will ask for your password to confirm.
chown is the command we use to change the owner of a file or folder. We set the
-R option to change the owner recursively, so we also get owner access to all the files already contained in there.
$USER is an environment variable automatically set to your username.
And the final piece is the folder path.
Running this path will make the folder yours, so you can safely run your
npm install -g <package> commands!
Pay attention to the folder listed by the error message. If it’s different, update the
chown command accordingly.
This tip applies to single user systems. On a multi-user system, you might want to create a dedicated directory for npm modules, see https://docs.npmjs.com/resolving-eacces-permissions-errors-when-installing-packages-globally.