Skip to content

How to await in a loop in JavaScript

New Course Coming Soon:

Get Really Good at Git

Here is how to use the for..of loop to iterate an array and await inside the loop:

const fun = (prop) => {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    setTimeout(() =>
      resolve(`done ${prop}`), 1000);
  })
}

const go = async () => {
  const list = [1, 2, 3]
	
  for (const prop of list) {
    console.log(prop)
    console.log(await fun(prop))
  }
  
  console.log('done all')
}

go()

You need to place the loop in an async function, then you can use await and the loop stops the iteration until the promise we’re awaiting resolves.

You can do the same with a for..in loop to iterate on an object:

const fun = (prop) => {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    setTimeout(() =>
      resolve(`done ${prop}`), 1000);
  })
}

const go = async () => {
  const obj = { a: 1, b: 2, c: 3 };

  for (const prop in obj) {
    console.log(prop)
    console.log(await fun(prop))
  }
  
  console.log('done all')
}

go()

You could also use while or do..while or for loops too with this same structure.

But you can’t await with Array.forEach() or Array.map().

Are you intimidated by Git? Can’t figure out merge vs rebase? Are you afraid of screwing up something any time you have to do something in Git? Do you rely on ChatGPT or random people’s answer on StackOverflow to fix your problems? Your coworkers are tired of explaining Git to you all the time? Git is something we all need to use, but few of us really master it. I created this course to improve your Git (and GitHub) knowledge at a radical level. A course that helps you feel less frustrated with Git. Launching May 21, 2024. Join the waiting list!
→ Get my JavaScript Beginner's Handbook
→ Read my JavaScript Tutorials on The Valley of Code
→ Read my TypeScript Tutorial on The Valley of Code

Here is how can I help you: