Destructuring Objects and Arrays in JavaScript

Learn how to use the destructuring syntax to work with arrays and objects in JavaScript

Given an object, using the destructuring syntax you can extract just some values and put them into named variables:

const person = {
  firstName: 'Tom',
  lastName: 'Cruise',
  actor: true,
  age: 54 //made up

const { firstName: name, age } = person //name: Tom, age: 54

name and age contain the desired values.

The syntax also works on arrays:

const a = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
const [first, second] = a

This statement creates 3 new variables by getting the items with index 0, 1, 4 from the array a:

const [first, second, , , fifth] = a

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