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Those operators accept two values and return a boolean:
==checks for equality
!=checks for inequality
===checks for strict equality
!==checks for strict inequality
Let’s talk what we mean for strict. Without the strict check, the second operand is converted to the type of the first before making the comparison. Strict prevents this.
const a = true a == true //true a === true //true 1 == 1 //true 1 == '1' //true 1 === 1 //true 1 === '1' //false
You cannot check objects for equality: two objects are never equal to each other. The only case when a check might be true is if two variables reference the same object.
Some peculiarities to be aware:
NaN is always different from
NaN == NaN //false
undefined values are equal if compared in non-strict mode:
null == undefined //true null === undefined //false