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How to use SWR

Published Jul 24 2021

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In a Next.js app, one of the best ways to do a GET request is to use SWR.

You install it with

npm install swr

and you have to define a fetcher function, I always use the same in a lib/fetcher.js file:

const fetcher = (...args) => fetch(...args).then((res) => res.json())
export default fetcher

You import it at the top of your component’s file:

import fetcher from 'lib/fetcher'

Then you can start using it.

At the top of a component, import useSWR:

import useSWR from 'swr'

Then inside the component, at the top, we call useSWR to load the data we need:

const { data } = useSWR(`/api/data`, fetcher)

In addition to the data property, the object returned from useSWR contains isLoading and isError. isLoading is especially useful to show some kind of “loading…” visual indication.

You can pass an additional object to useSWR with some options, for example I use this to limit the number of revalidation SWR does, so I don’t get repeated connections to the endpoint when I’m in development mode:

const { data } = useSWR(`/api/data`, fetcher, {
  revalidateOnFocus: false,
  revalidateOnReconnect: false,
  refreshWhenOffline: false,
  refreshWhenHidden: false,
  refreshInterval: 0
})


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