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How to swap two array elements in JavaScript

Published Aug 09 2020

How do you swap 2 elements in an array, in JavaScript?

Suppose we have an array a which contains 5 letters.

const a = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'e', 'd']

We want to swap element at index 4 (‘d’ in this case) with the element at index 3 (‘e’ in this case).

We can use a temporary item tmp to store the value of #4, then we put #3 in place of #4, and we assign the temporary item to #3:

const tmp = a[4]
a[4] = a[3]
a[3] = tmp

Another option, which does not involve declaring a temporary variable, is to use this syntax:

const a = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'e', 'd'];

[a[3], a[4]] = [a[4], a[3]]

Now the array a will be correctly ordered as we want.

a //[ 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'e' ]

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