While working with the students in my bootcamp I helped a few of them navigate one problem: timing.

In particular, there’s one thing that might not be apparent at first.

When you access the value of a DOM element and you store it into a variable, that variable is NOT going to be updated with the new value when the DOM element changes.

Suppose you have an input field in a form <input id="temperature">, and you get its value in this way:

const temperature = document.querySelector('input#temperature').value

The temperature variable gets the value of the state of the input field at the moment the browser executes this statement, and then the value stays the same forever.

This is why you can’t do like this:

const temperature = document.querySelector('input#temperature').value

document.querySelector('form')
        .addEventListener('submit', event => {
  //send the temperature value to your server
})

but you need to access the temperature value when you submit the form:

document.querySelector('form')
        .addEventListener('submit', event => {
  const temperature = document.querySelector('input#temperature').value
  //send the temperature value to your server
})

Alternatively you can store the input field reference in a variable, and use that to access its value at submit:

const temperatureElement = document.querySelector('input#temperature')
document.querySelector('form')
        .addEventListener('submit', event => {
  const temperature = temperatureElement.value
  //send the temperature value to your server
})

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